One of the goals of an OWL classroom is to empower students to take control of their language learning experience. With this end in mind, my students and I spent several classes discussing and exploring ACTFL proficiency levels. First, we examined the levels and how they are measured. Then we discuss their individual oral and written proficiency levels and made a road map of how to arrive at the next level.
Below, I share with you my lesson plan for the class discussion of the ACTFL levels. However, before you read the lesson please take a moment to watch this clip from Nathan for You as it is the basis for the whole discussion. This Comedy Central video, in which seven year Amir is interviewed for a position at a law firm became the hit of English week. It was funny and students empathized with Amir, but most importantly it was a fantastic introduction to the concept of language levels. Additionally, many students who did not identify as Spanish speakers do now thanks to Amir. It was obvious to them that he spoke English, but they saw that it was limited to certain contexts, vocabulary and structures. Drawing the connections between Amir and themselves, they grasped that just like him, their language has limits but without a doubt, they speak Spanish.
OK enough with the explanation, onto the lesson!
Time: Two forty minute class periods.
Levels: Spanish One and Two
Students will be able to: Describe the difference between novice and intermediate speakers using ACTFL level descriptors. Assess language levels using ACTFL level descriptors.
1. Watch the video clip and laugh.
2. Watch the clip again, but have students answer the following questions in their notebook:
a) What is Amir able to communicate in the video?
b) What difficulties does Amir have?
c) Does Amir speak English?
3. Record questions a) and b) on the board. Here is a sample:
4. Pass out the Proficiency level descriptors and have students read silently. Here are two that I use. One is from Jefferson County Public Schools and the other is from teacher extraordinaire, Wyatt Crane.
5. Discuss with students the meaning of context, form, function, comprehensibility and comprehension.
6. Pair students up and ask them to discuss the differences between a novice and intermediate speaker.
7. Watch sample videos of novice and intermediate speakers. Using the descriptors, ask students why the novice is a novice and what makes the intermediate an intermediate?
8. In a T chart have students and summarize novice and intermediate capabilities.
9. Watch Amir one last time have student assess Amir’s proficiency level. Make sure students justify their response either orally or in writing.
10. End class by asking students if Amir speaks English. Then flip it on them and ask them if they speak Spanish!
This lesson is a bit late for English week, but perhaps it will prove helpful for next year, as a sub plan or as a refresher. At the very least, appreciate the video!